In mathematics, there is a theory known as ‘Theory of Probability’. If you

have two options, out of which one is right, and one is wrong, the chances

that you will choose the right one is half i.e. one out of the two will be

correct. You have 50% chances of being correct, similarly if you toss a coin

the chances that your guess will be correct is 50% (1 out of 2) i.e. ½. If you

toss a coin the second time, the chances that you will be correct in the second

toss is again 50% i.e. ½. But the chances that you will be correct in both the

tosses are half x half (½ x ½), which is equal to ¼. i.e. 50% of 50% i.e. equal

to 25%. If you toss a coin the third time, chances that you will be correct all

three times is (½ x ½ x ½) that is 1/8 or 50% of 50% of 50% that is 12.5%.

A dice has got six sides. If you throw a dice and guess any number between 1

and 6, the chances that your guess will be correct are 1/6. If you throw the

dice the second time, the chances that your guess will be correct in both the

throws is (1/6 x 1/6) which is equal to 1/36. If you throw the dice the third

time, the chances that all your three guesses are correct is (1/6 x 1/6 x 1/6) is

equal to 1/216 that is less than ½ a percent.

Let us apply this theory of probability to the Quran, and assume that a person

has guessed all the information that is mentioned in the Quran, which was

unknown at that time. Let us discuss the probability of all the guesses being

correct.

At the time when the Quran was revealed, people thought the world was flat.

There are several other options for the shape of the earth. It could be

triangular; it could be quadrangular, pentagonal, hexagonal, heptagonal,

octagonal, spherical, etc. Let’s assume there are about 30 different options

for the shape of the earth. The Quran rightly says it is spherical, if it was a

guess the chances of the guess being correct is 1/30.

The light of the moon can be its own light or a reflected light. The Quran

rightly says it is a reflected light. If it was a guess, the chances that it will be

correct is ½ and the probability that both the guesses i.e. the earth is spherical

and the light of the moon is reflected light is 1/30 x ½ = 1/60.

Further, the Quran also mentions every living thing is made up of water. The

options are say about 10,000. Every living thing can be made up of either

wood, stone, copper, aluminum, steel, silver, gold, oxygen, nitrogen,

hydrogen, oil, water, cement, concrete etc. The Quran rightly says that every

living thing is made up of water. Therefore if it’s a guess, the chances that it

will be correct is 1/10,000 and the probability of all the three guesses i.e.earth is spherical, light of moon is reflected, every living thing is created

from water being correct is 1/30 x ½ x 1/10,000 = 1/600,000 which is equal

to about .00017%.

The Quran speaks about hundreds of things that were not known at that time.

Only in three options, the result is .00017%. We leave it up to you the

intellectual readers to work out the probability if all the hundreds of the

unknown facts were guesses, the chances of all the guesses being correct and

not a single wrong. It is beyond human capacity to have all the guesses

correct without a single mistake, which in itself is sufficient to prove to a

logical person that the origin of the Quran is divine.

## Monday, March 9, 2009

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